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Electric Vehicles standards and regulations in India

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BY  AFZAL YOUSAF  The automobile industry is ongoing a paradigm shift globally. The past decade has been of Internal combustion engines, but the shift to electric vehicles has become necessary on behalf of faster depletion of fossil fuels, increase in energy cost, and concerns over climatic change. Considering EVs as the future mode of transportation and the increase in demand, all OEMs are obliged to ensure safety and ease of use for customers. This can only be met by robust testing and certification before the vehicle's launch. To achieve all these, standardization should be done and it will be under various government agencies. CMVR is a technical standard committee, AISC is the Automotive Indian standard committee,  Standing Committee on Emission Legislation-SCOE and Bureau of Indian Standards-BIS are the various govt. agencies that regulate the standards. Various components in EVs must be tested for their role in  the application, reliability, durability, safety, and efficienc

Axial vs Radial Flux Motors and Why Axial flux is a better engine for EVs

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BY  AFZAL YOUSAF In an Electric vehicle, Electric motors are the true driving force apart from Battery. It is the engine of electric vehicles and reports say around 100 million motors are required per year by 2032 to meet the EV Demands. Electric traction motors are first discovered in the 1800s but the technology is still evolving with improved technology, efficiency, and less rare earth materials. The basic operation of the electric motor is based on the electromagnetic interaction created by the structure coil and magnet. Based on the direction of the magnetic field, these motors are divided into:- Radial Flux Axial Flux The fundamental difference between both lies in the orientation of the magnetic field w.r.t the electric coils. Credits:- Linquip.com Radial Flux Radial flux motors are classic cylindrical shaped which produce flux perpendicular to the axis of rotation. Features of radial flux motors are designed on the sides and copper windings are wrapped around the slots.  In tra

Cell Selection Guide for Lithium ion Battery pack.

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  BY  AFZAL YOUSAF As the world is in a path leading to massive adaption of electric vehicles, debates are also ongoing regarding the safety and risk involved in electric vehicles, especially in India due to recent incidents of electric scooters catching fire. Proper selection of battery pack and vigorous testing of the vehicle should be done before entering into the market. As battery pack is the most vital component in EVs, building the packs needs proper selection of cells to ensure vehicle performance and safety. Cell selection depends on multiple factors and here we can go through some of the important factors to be considered during the selection of cells in EV Battery pack. Cell Chemistry - Cells are manufactured with different chemistries, like different Anode and Cathode for various applications. Cell chemistry plays a major role in effectiveness, energy density, thermal stability of the cells. Though researches are ongoing to develop new cell types and chemistries, here we c

List of Exciting Electric cars which are coming soon in 2022 and beyond.

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 BY    AFZAL YOUSAF As we know, Corona virus pandemic has slowed down the Automobile segment along with all other segments worldwide, still automaker's work and plan to develop electric vehicles continues unabated. As per reports, almost 100 new electric models are set to debut by 2024 and this is a huge boost for those who looking for an alternate fuel vehicle in near future. Here you can see some of the most anticipated EV Models over the next couple of years. AUDI Q4 E-TRON Audi is bringing Electric version of iconic Q4 as Q4 E-Tron . As we know Audi is under  Volkswagen  group and Q4 E-Tron will be built on the Volkswagen MEB modular electric vehicle platform.  It will compete with the like of Tesla model Y, Volvo XC40 Recharge. Audi has not yet announced the driving range but as per reports, based on EU Test standard Q4 E-Tron has a range estimate of 280 miles. Approximate cost as per reports is $45,000. AUDI E-TRON GT   Audi's new flagship model  E-Tron GT , shares the el

Ford developing electrical explorer SUV. More EV Platform debut by 2025.

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  BY    AFZAL YOUSAF As world is in a broad shift towards electric vehicles, Ford is in top of the race by developing two dedicated EV Platforms. One for full size pick up trucks and SUVs and other for cars and smaller SUVs. As per Green car reports , Ford confirmed on 26 may 2021 that, they will debut the platform by 2025. Ford's Upcoming EVs likely includes an Electric Ford Bronco , Electric ford explorer 3 row SUV , Electric Lincoln Aviator 3 row SUV , Electric ford Ranger compact pickup truck among others. As per reports, Ford is also working on next generation Electric version of F-150 Lighting pickup truck along with full size SUVs. EVs launching between now and 2030 will be built on two new dedicated electric vehicle platforms and every vehicle Ford makes today comes from one of five architectures. Ford expects 40 % of its vehicles sold globally by 2030 will be battery-electric, so a single EV platform is not enough to handle it all, Ford CEO Jim Farley said. Green car

India's vehicle scrappage policy 2021 and how it bolster EV Sector.

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  BY    AFZAL YOUSAF Union Budget 2021-22 was announced and Finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman presented the budget. As an EV Enthusiast, the biggest point we can take away from the finance minister's speech is the official announcement of Vehicle scrappage policy in India.  After the official announcement Union Minister for Road Transport and Highways Nitin Gadkari, shed some lights on highlights of the policy. More details of the policy is expected to be revealed in coming days. In this article, you can read key points of India's vehicle scrappage policy and how it boosts EV Sector . Key points of Vehicle Scrappage policy 1 .  As per vehicle scrappage policy, private vehicles which are over 20 years older and commercial vehicles over 15 years older will have to undergo fitness tests. 2 .  On Public Private partnership (PPP), Fully automated fitness test facilities will be set up which will allow no scope for human intervention or fudging of test result. 3 .  Driving vehicl

Hyderabad based company BBM International to boost Indian EV Sector.

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  Being one of the largest market in the world in every sector, adoption of electric vehicles in India is much faster than expected. It has become inevitable to change from fossil fuel driven vehicles to greener and sustainable electric motoring. Govt. is adopting EV Policies to support the change and within last 5 years, and companies based on EV and it's component gives a huge boost to electrify India fleets by manufacturing and developing in house technologies. Bharathi Business Machines International (BBMI)   is a Hyderabad based company founded on 2012 which manufactures  electric scooters and Three wheelers. The company led by  Mr. Abhinay Raju,  an MBA, M.TECH graduate, with a great vision and vast industrial experience alongside a team of experienced members focus on giving electric mobility access to millions of people on the bottom of the pyramid. And this is exactly what needed to revolutionize Indian EV Sector. BBMI , an advanced organization always a step-ahead in

How to maintain your EV Battery for longer life.

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  BY    AFZAL YOUSAF Electric battery is the power source that drives EV  and like every other part battery also degrades over time and its performance drops. Apart from conventional batteries, lithium ion batteries used in EVs requires a different type of maintenance. As battery is the most vital part, EV owners can take several steps to prolong the life of battery pack. In this article we enlist some important maintenance tips that can extend the life o your EV Battery pack. Balance your battery and periodic full charge Battery technology often has memory issues and lithium ion technology are designed to minimise this drawback. Large battery packs are complex and need proper balancing to extend its performance.  Cell balancing  is the process of equalizing the voltages and state of charge among the cells when they are at a full charge. There are always slight differences in the state of charge, self-discharge rate, capacity, impedance, and temperature characteristics. Modern EV Batte

Electric vehicle maintenance cost compared to fossil fuel vehicles.

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  BY    AFZAL YOUSAF One of the advantages of electric vehicle apart from greener and sustainable mode of transport is the less maintenance required. As world is in a beginning stage of a switch over from fossil fuel to electric vehicles, people are somewhat reluctant as they fear that maintenance cannot be done properly. Maintenance procedures of electric vehicles is not similar to conventional fossil fuel driven engine. Here we are trying to analyse the maintenance cost of EV compared to conventional vehicles. Fewer Moving Parts and Simple Mechanics Electric vehicles have fewer moving parts and their mechanism of operation is simple. Comparing to the parts of conventional fossil fuel vehicles, which consist of hundreds of moving parts like engine, radiator, piston, fuel pump, spark plug, timing belt and so on, thus a lot can go wrong in that complex operation. Electric vehicle mechanism is simple as mechanical elements and moving parts are limited and thus EVs have around 50%  less m

Toyota's game changing solid state battery for EVs 2021

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  BY    AFZAL YOUSAF Solid state batteries are considered as the future source of power that drives the electric mobility around the world. Advanced technology is the cure for the problems faced by conventional Li ion battery powered EVs and Solid state batteries are considered as one of the best cure. According to Nikkei Asia , Toyota is currently a world leader in solid state battery technology  and also another Japanese company, Nissan, whose first EV powered by a solid state battery could arrive in 2028. Toyota plans to unveil a vehicle fully powered by solid sate battery next year and it has more than twice range of the vehicles running in conventional Li ion batteries. Solid state batteries are a viable alternatives to li ion and it reduces the risk of fire as they no longer use aqueous electrolyte solutions , and also gives high energy density. Solid state batteries can be powered within 10 minutes and increase the range by multiple times. As name suggests, solid state battery u